Visitors & Residents: The Video

Last month I gave a presentation on the ‘Visitors & Residents’ principle at the ALT-C conference which was well received so I thought it would be worth videoing the talk under laboratory conditions…

Some of you might also be interested in our paper on Visitors and Residents:

Visitors and Residents: A new typology for online engagement
by David S. White and Alison Le Cornu.
First Monday, Volume 16, Number 9 – 5 September 2011

Just a few notes to go with the video:

The original ‘Prezi’ presentation is here:

The tinyURL that is supposed to link to Andy Powell’s ‘Twitter for Idiots’ post is incorrect. Please follow this link instead.

At points I use the term ‘real life’ which seems to imply that anything which is online is somehow not part of ‘real life’. A better phrase would have been ‘offline’. Language in this area is difficult at best…

The quote “…just knowing how to use particular technologies makes one no wiser than just knowing how to read words” is a quote from Prensky’s recent paper on ‘Digital Wisdom’. In the journal ‘Innovate’. In other versions of the talk I refer to Prensky directly but seem to have omitted it when I was in front of the camera.  All other non-attributed quotes are anonymised statements from our students.

The images I used are under the Creative Commons license:

‘Tourist Trap’ visitor image
‘Rusholme’ resident image
‘Sunny Park’ web as a space image
‘Tool Box’ web as a toolbox image

51 Responses to “Visitors & Residents: The Video”

  1. jim Says:

    very interesting video, i think the general principles are useful and very portable. I’m not sure the example at the end really captures the point though. What i hear here is 2 different pedagogical appoarches. in the case of leaturer 1, would this not be the same in real space. That students that work together and create a stong community become more questioning of authority?

  2. Trying to get to grips with FriendFeed « DrBadgr Says:

    […] suggested by the system because they are in my twitter network. However, very very few of them are resident in twitter (@daveowhite has a lot to answer for in my massive overuse of that word, but it is oh so […]

  3. Vince Samios Says:

    Agree with Jim… on an aside, I’ve just read Malcolm Gladwell’s “Outliers” – highly recommended as a very intelligent read. One of his deductions is that success can be predicted based on a childs learning patterns, and children that “question authority” become more successful..

  4. Steve Mackenzie Says:

    Davo – excellent enunciation of the online world and peoples approaches to it. I think the point is – if i may be so bold is this.

    If you believe that the sociocultural approach is useful and productive way of learning and that it has equal or if not more value than transmission mode and/or self directed autonomous learning then as an educator you have the duty/right to encourage communication/collaboration/co-operation/ interaction i.e participation.

    As you correctly pointed out a student will not appreciate the value of social media until they USE it. It’s the teachers job to facilitate this potential pathway to educational gain. The teacher has the right to set the educational context and that to me includes stating that this program, course module is run in a participative way. If the teacher explains constructively and leads by example i think the students will follow, but having said that i would give marks for participation to give a bit of backbone to the approach.

    What it all means is that massive emphasis should be given in supporting teachers to understand the pedagogic benefits of learning by adopting a sociocultural approach i.e its enjoyable for both students and teachers and similarly students should be encouraged and supported in the early days to realize the benefits.

    Some discussion of digital footprints and online behavior would probably be good to include in an induction – The distinction between personal and educational lives can also be emphasized to make it clear that you can use these tools just for educational or business/work purposes.

    From a batch of students there will be many different personalities and learning styles and a different educational approach may seem strange at first but with the right encouragement students will see the obvious benefits – i think it’s a bit like dancing at a wedding, initially you are a bit reluctant, but once you are finally dragged up you damn well enjoy it.

  5. Steve Mackenzie Says:

    Just to add i mentioned enjoyment as a pedagogic benefit. I could mention a few other things like for example serendipitous learning, but my main point was that teachers will enjoy it, they will find out more about their students and be rewarded in being able to help their students more. Of course for the students if they are enjoying their learning, ‘things’ are more likely to stick :-)

  6. @daveowhite Says:

    @Steve I think you have captured what I was trying to put across. Although that it is worth remembering that self directed autonomous learners are much more likely to be successful within the traditional education system.

    The current challenge is to integrate a more sociocultural approach into educational reward structures so that the approach isn’t always an extra ‘layer’ of engagement on top of what ‘has’ to be done.

  7. Web Visitors & Residents | Ζωντανή Μάθηση | Alive Learning Says:

    […] interesting presentation by David White about the approach people have towards web tools. Drives even deeper the natives/immigrants user […]

  8. Learn 4 Life » Amplified Education Says:

    […] Digital Identity PART 1 led by David White where he kicked off with his Visitors and Residents […]

  9. Digital natives « Dawnelai's Blog Says:

    […] Digital Immigrant a great deal of study. Click on this blog created by David White . This post ( video) is an enjoyable explanation of his terms for technology users he calls Visitors and […]

  10. Privacy…we just can’t hide. « Dawnelai's Blog Says:

    […] David White says  there is a status to being visible on-line and to stay on top. You must keep feeding the machine.  His video explains the difference in digital natives vs. immigrants and how they would feel about privacy issues. Will Richardson’s book agrees as it says “There is a growing gap between how this digital generation defines privacy and the way most adults do.” (p.5) […]

  11. Visitor Resident Prinzip « GI Tel Aviv Says:

    […] David White, Oxfort  erklärt mit Unterstützung des tools prezi, das von ihm entwickelte Prinzip.  Seit langem habe ich niemandem mehr so an den Lippen gehangen, wie ihm. Bis zum letzten Ton bleibt er überraschend. […]

  12. Eva Birger Says:

    Thanks for this great explanation about the approach towards the net.
    This enjoyable post – video and prezi – explains so many items and gives answers to the question of privacy, therefore I placed it in my blog for educators, who teach German as a foreign language.

    The integration of more digital engagement into the educational structures rewards the teachers and the students alike. What has to be done becomes what wants to be done.

  13. University and Cyberspace: lost in transition? | Antoesp's Blog Says:

    […] Stati Uniti, gli studenti dei college “need more IT support“. Un ricercatore di Oxford (White, 2009) ha anche avanzato l’ipotesi che si rischi un nuovo tipo di digital divide, più sottile e […]

  14. Reflection – Day 3 (cont`d) | Donm26's Blog Says:

    […] by Dave White (Oxford in UK) concerning a Resident or Visitor.  Here is the URL to the video: .  In this video there is plenty of discussion about the principle of visitor-resident and the […]

  15. Reflection – Day #4 | Sarah's ED 366 Blog Says:

    […] presentation during class time based on our reflections yesterday from David White’s video (   Nightmare!  I’ve said it once, and I’ll say it again, I am not a fan of quick and […]

  16. Jsduchesne's Blog Says:

    […] and Steffen who where both great to work with. This piece had to be based on Dave White’s visitor/resident theory. After a brief discussion we decided to use the Old Spice commercial as a sub theme. We started off […]

  17. Visitor vs Resident: A Video Discussion « The Technical N00B Says:

    […] The link for David White’s “Visitor and Resident Theory” is here: […]

  18. Truefiction – the next university? « J&K – Jöran und Konsorten Says:

    […] Für Laura ist das keine Science-Fiction. (Was im Film mal wieder über das Digital-Native-Muster  und Alan Kay begründet wird: ”Technology is only technology to people born before it was invented.” Als wäre Lauras Erfinder Torsten Meyer auch erst 23 Jahre jung ;-). Vgl. als Alternative zum Altersargument die Unterscheidung in Digital Visitors und Digital Residents.) […]

  19. Reflection – Day 10/The End? | Sarah's ED 366 Blog Says:

    […] my students is not the technologies themselves but my new understanding of resident vs. visitor (, digital native vs. digital immigrant […]

  20. How to assess learning? | Heli on Connectivism Says:

    […] are many ways to use web. Dave White’s presentation about residents and visitors opened my eyes. It helps me to assess my own actions. I know when I […]

  21. Katy Says:

    I liked Vince’s comment about Malcolm Gladwell’s Outliers. It’s only when we break free of traditional pedagogical constraints that the true learning starts.

  22. Lehrerzimmer » Archiv » Internetgenerationen Says:

    […] für diese Gruppe ja eh nicht.) Sie sind inzwischen nicht sehr hilfreich. Besserer Vorschlag: visitors vs. residents, der zum einen keine neue Generation einführt und zum anderen viel deutlicher macht, dass es […]

  23. My hair looks crap and I can’t sit down. « Nikola's Online Ed Blog Says:

    […] White’s video about Digital Residents and Digital Visitors might shed some light on to why Lauren’s […]

  24. Visitors & Residents « via פλenK Says:

    […] have not hung on someone’s  lips like him. Until the last moment it remains a surprise. via Tall blog Categories: Uncategorized Comments (0) Trackbacks (0) Leave a […]

  25. Tannis Morgan Says:

    Just seeing this excellent presentation for the first time! I appreciated much of this presentation…my only quibble is more of a caution: in our own research ( we’re finding that both “residents” and “visitors” are goal-oriented with their use. I would also argue that all technologies are sociocultural platforms (in an Activity Theory perspective at least), so associating tools with residents misses the point and potentially takes us down the natives/immigrants/net gen discourse again. I would suggest that the concept of “cultures-of-use” (Thorne, 2003: is more useful in describing use in relation to technologies, and is grounded in a sociocultural perspective.

  26. Having a Healthy Digital Life « Renovating My Classroom Says:

    […] I watched this video by David White from Oxford where he explores the idea of being either a resident of or a visitor to […]

  27. What digital generation? « catherinecronin Says:

    […] & Littlejohn (2008). Bullen particularly commended David White’s useful principle of Digital Visitors and Digital Residents, which defines Digital Visitors as those who use the web as a tool and Digital Residents as those […]

  28. TALL blog » Blog Archive » The Social Threshold Says:

    […] ‘Digital Visitors and Digital Residents’ continuum focuses on the importance of the social perceptions and motivations of individuals as […]

  29. Guided by Theory (First Class in Bookhenge) « The Bookhenge Says:

    […] Guided by Theory (First Class in Bookhenge) 1 02 2011 You would have thought we were all residents of Second Life!  Well, I guess we are now.  And we’re becoming residents of the digital world.  We’ve definitely embraced the visitor/resident metaphor over the immigrant/native.  Here’s the movie version . . . […]

  30. David White: Big understanding – The value of typologies of engagement « Doug Clow's Imaginatively-Titled Blog Says:

    […] visitor/resident thing. (Mine here.) Some people treat activity as a visit – don’t leave a trace; they do use […]

  31. Visitors and Residents « IanPBloor's Blog Says:

    […] Here are some reflections on the Visitors and Residents principle, which Dave White introduces in this video . (Dave points out that Visitors and Residents is a development of Marc Prensky’s Natives and […]

  32. 1.º Atividade | Digital learner Says:

    […] Visitors & Residents: The Video […]

  33. Forum A1 – O perfil do Estudante Digital « Media Digitais e Socialização Says:

    […] […]

  34. Twitter: it’s still about the connections – Learning With 2 e’s Says:

    […] or not we effectively use digital media. In fact, Dave White‘s alternative theory – visitors and residents, is a much more appropriate explanatory model in this context. Dave argues that residents are those […]

  35. Elizabeth Anne Says:

    Wow! As a reluctant resident coming from a system where only visitors are tolerated (National Ed in France), I can only say THANK YOU.
    You have really helped me get a handle on things :-)
    Although it seems true among educators that, as Tannis says above,
    – both “residents” and “visitors” are goal-oriented with their use –
    maybe the digital/immigrant dichotomy could be in there somewhere since instinctively, I don’t feel that this would apply so much to young (and very young) users.

    Like all the best research – the result is simple and obvious!
    thank you, thank you, thank you, thank you, thank you!

  36. Netskills Online Seminars: Supporting Researcher Engagement With Social Tools | Forty2 Says:

    […] in Social Media and the different roles people take within Social Media or as @daveowhite calls it Visitors and Residents. This raised questions over the effect social media can have on work/life balance. Alan suggesting […]

  37. The TALL guys.. « Adventures at Gradschool in Canada's West Says:

    […] Recently we had to watch a video, Visitors & Residents […]

  38. Visitor or Resident | Idea Purling Says:

    […] digital identity in a deliberate way and then how to achieve such a DI. I wish I had know of the TALL blog’s Visitors and Residence video when I taught those classes, because I think it provides a […]

  39. Visitor or Resident | Idea Purling Says:

    […] digital identity in a deliberate way and then how to achieve such a DI. I wish I had known of the TALL blog’s Visitors and Residence video when I taught those classes, because I think it provides a […]

  40. ¿Realmente el mundo digital es una transposición del analógico? : El Blog de Loretahur Says:

    […] Soy la primera que dice una y otra vez a los escépticos digitales que este mundo de bits y bytes hay que entenderlo como un espacio más en el que nos movemos, igual que lo hacemos en el trabajo, en el parque, en casa, en los bares… Un espacio con sus limitaciones inherentes al medio, con sus normas escritas y no escritas y con sus comunidades. Quizás sea porque me siento más como una residente digital (que no concibe ya el medio analógico sin las ramificaciones digitales), que como una visitante esporádica (David White). […]

  41. Residents and visitors, are builders the forgotten category? « The Weblog of (a) David Jones Says:

    […] currently thinking about the People aspect of the DER. In particular, I’m wondering if the digital visitors and residents idea might need to be modified a bit in light of the protean nature of Information and Communication […]

  42. Peter Kruse und der “Glaubenskrieg” | Kartellblog. Says:

    […] Das hat man oft gehört und gelesen, zum Beispiel in einer schönen Präsentation von David White, Oxford. Aber unabhängig davon, ob man dem Internet wegen seines Alters freundlich gegenübersteht oder […]

  43. TALL blog » Blog Archive » The cost of Residency? Says:

    […] implication that becoming more Resident or facilitating that process is going to be of value. In my video discussing V&R I make the point that a Visitor approach to formal education is more likely to be successful than a […]

  44. #Change11 Change, Change Management and Transformation | Learner Weblog Says:

    […] global network has a diverse culture, where its local and global digital citizen would dwell as visitors and residents. I think changes among people are based on their cultural attitudes, technological beliefs and […]

  45. Nick (@largerama) Says:

    Really like this and it gives me a far more down to earth practical explanation of the theories you outlines in

  46. TALL blog » Blog Archive » The Learning Black Market Says:

    […] the interviews with students in the UK and the US we have added a vertical axis (see below) to the Visitor and Resident continuum. The Personal/Institutional axis allows us to plot student’s online learning activity and accepts […]

  47. “Yes, they are digital natives, but not tech-savvy” « virtualworldnmfsfall11 Says:

    […] maybe “digital native” is too problematic a term to use. On the TALL blog David White uses the distinction between “residents” and “visitors” instead […]

  48. Visitors & Residents with @daveowhite #JISC — Digital Fingerprint Says:

    […] Visitors & Residents with @daveowhite #JISC December 9, 2011 By drbexl Leave a Comment […]

  49. #nstalks: on participation and bad networks at Danegeld Says:

    […] as a counterpoint to the frequently discounted Natives and Immigrants trope – see his video and Prezi for full details. Visitors see social media as tools to be used to do a job, whereas Residents […]

  50. #Change11 No Blog is an island – MOOC as a Blogoland of Explorers & Patterners | Learner Weblog Says:

    […] Identity – Personal and network Identity – Visitors and Residents. […]

  51. Heli connecting ideas » Blog Archive » Research about MOOC pedagogy Says:

    […] Visitors and residents project is one way forward, how could I combine it with open online course behavior? Interesting […]